Death of Saint Eligius, who became Bishop of Tournay after a successful secular life as a goldsmith and master of the mint for King Clotaire I in Paris. He is also known as the "Apostle of Flanders" for venturing into Belgium and converting the Britons to the faith and accepting the authority of the Frankish King. He was a friend to the poor and a counselor to the rich, dying on this date at Noyon at the age of 70. He is the patron saint of metalworkers.
Pope Alexander III heads efforts to convince Northern Italian towns to form the Lombard League to offset the advance by Frederick I Barbarossa in overthrowing Italy.
Death of Pope Leo X, 217th successor of Peter. This Firenze-born pontiff neither understood nor knew how to offer a remedy to the dangerous schism brought about by the ex-Augustinian monk Martin Luther. Leo contributed to the institution of the pawnbrokers' activity seen as a work of charity for the assistance of the less fortunate.
Death of Blessed Father Edmund Campion, English Jesuit priest who was martyred for his faith through hanging because he dared to disobey Queen Elizabeth and follow Rome.
Death of Cardinal Giovanni , the Italian 71-year old theologian who contributed much to the counter reformation and the Council of Trent.
Father Edward Flanagan, with very little in his pockets, but a heart of gold, founds a small community just outside Omaha, Nebraska and calls it "Boys Town." He would open the doors of Boys Town less than two weeks later.