July 27

Commemoration of the holy Martyr Saint Pantaleon



    There is a Commemoration today of St. Pantaleon during Low Masses. He was a physician of Nicomedia. His name signifies in the Greek "many shall obtain mercy"; it was given him by Christ with this promise. During his martyrdom Our Lord appeared to him as he was tortured on the rack and burned with flaming torches. He is the principal patron (after St. Luke) of the medical profession. His blood liquifies on his feast day in the vial in which it is preserved at Ravello near Amalfi.

    There is a commemoration of St. Pantaleon during Low Masses. He was a physician of Nicomedia. His name signifies in the Greek "many shall obtain mercy" or "all-compassionate" (Panteleemon). According to legend he was the son of a rich pagan, Eustorgius of Nicomedia, and had been instructed in Christianity by his Christian mother, Eubula. Afterwards he became estranged from Christianity. He studied medicine and became physician to the Emperor Maximinianus. He was won back to Christianity by the priest Hermolaus. Upon the death of his father he came into possession of a large fortune. Envious colleagues denounced him to the emperor during the Diocletian persecution.

    The emperor wished to save him and sought to persuade him to apostasy. Pantaleon, however, openly confessed his faith, and as proof that Christ is the true God, he healed a paralytic. Notwithstanding this, he was condemned to death by the emperor, who regarded the miracle as an exhibition of magic. According to legend, Pantaleon's flesh was first burned with torches; upon this Christ appeared to all in the form of Hermolaus to strengthen and heal Pantaleon. The torches were extinguished. After this, when a bath of liquid lead was prepared, Christ in the same form stepped into the cauldron with him, the fire went out and the lead became cold.

    Furious, the emperor had him thrown into the sea, but the stone with which he was loaded floated. He was thrown to the wild beasts but these fawned upon him and could not be forced away until he had blessed them. He was bound on the wheel, but the ropes snapped, and the wheel broke. An attempt was made to behead him, but the sword bent, and the executioners were converted. True to his name, Pantaleon implored Heaven to forgive them. It was not until he himself desired it that it was possible to behead him in 305.

    The lives containing these legendary features are all late in date and valueless. Yet the fact of the martyrdom itself seems to be proved by a veneration for which there is early testimony, among others from Theodoret (Graecarum affectionum curatio, Sermo VIII, "De martyribus", in Migne, P. G., LXXXIII 1033), Procopius of Caesarea (De aedificiis Justiniani I, ix; V, ix), and the "Martyrologium Hieronymianum" (Acta SS., Nov., II, 1, 97). Pantaleon is venerated in the East as a great martyr and wonderworker.

    In the Middle Ages he came to be regarded as the patron saint of physicians and midwives, and became one of the fourteen guardian martyrs. From early times a vial containing some of his blood has been preserved at Constantinople. On the feast day of the saint the blood is said to become fluid and to bubble. Relics of the saint are to be found at St. Denis at Paris; his head is venerated at Lyons. Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911)

    We want to thank the Friends of Our Lady of Fatima for expediting these resources of the Propers. Sources: Saint Andrew Daily Missal and the Marian Missal , 1945


COLLECT
Commemoration of St. Pantaleon
Oremus. Præsta, quæsumus, omnípotens Deus: ut, intercedénte beáto Pantaleonis Mártyre tuo et a cunctis adversitátibus liberémur in córpore, et a pravis cogitatiónibus mundémur in mente. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum, Qui Tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus,
Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
R. Amen.
Commemoration of St. Panteleon
Let us pray. Grant, we beseech Thee, O almighty God, that, by the intercession of blessed Pantaleon Thy martyr, we may be both delivered from all adversities of the body and cleansed from all evil thoughts of the mind. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Who livest and reignest, with God the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
For ever and ever.
R. Amen.

SECRET
Commemoration of St. Panteleon
Let us pray. Grant, we beseech Thee, O almighty God, that, by the intercession of blessed Pantaleon Thy martyr, we may be both delivered from all adversities of the body and cleansed from all evil thoughts of the mind. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Who livest and reignest, with God the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
For ever and ever.
R. Amen.
Commemoration of St. Pantaleon
May our devotion be acceptable in Thy sight, O Lord, and may it be rendered salutary for us by the prayer of him for whose festival it is offered. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Who livest and reignest, with God the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
For ever and ever.
R. Amen.

POSTCOMMUNION
Dominus vobiscum.
R. Et cum spiritu tuo.
Oremus.
Commemoration of St. Pantaleon
Oremus. Refécti participatióne múneris sacri, quæsumus, Dómine Deus noster: ut, cujus exséquimur cultum, intercedénte beáto Pantaleonis Mártyre tuo, sentiámus efféctum. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum, Qui Tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus,
Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
R. Amen.
The Lord be with you.
R. And with thy spirit.
Let us pray.
Commemoration of St. Pantaleon
Let us pray. Refreshed by participation in the sacred gift, we beseech Thee, O Lord, our God, that, through the intercession of blessed Pantaleon, Thy martyr, we may ever experience the effect of the worship we perform. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Who livest and reignest, with God the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
For ever and ever.
R. Amen.
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Commemoration Collect, Secret and Postcommunion for St. Pantaleon